Environmental Ethics
and Public Policy
Ernest Partridge, Ph.D

HOME PAGE                             
    Philosophy and Religion
    Ethics, Moral Issues, the Law
    The Environment

On Politics
    The Crisis
    Foreign Relations, War, Peace
    The Media
    The Elections
    Civil Liberties and Dissent
    Republicans & the Right
    Democrats & the Left
    Lies, Propaganda & Corruption
    Culture War & Religious Right
    Coup d'Etat, 2000

Published Papers

Unpublished Papers

Reviews, Lectures, etc.    

Internet Publications


Lecture Topics

Conscience of a Progressive
    (A Book in Progress)

A Dim View of Libertarianism

Rawls and the Duty to Posterity
    (Doctoral Dissertation)

The Ecology Project

For Environmental Educators

The Russian Environment

    (Critiques of Post Modernism)

Notes from the Brink
    (Peace Studies)

The Gadfly's Bio Sketch

The Gadfly's Publications

The Online Gadfly: Editorial Policy

The Gadfly's E-Mail: gadfly@igc.org

Classical Guitar:
"The Other Profession



Ernest Partridge
-- "The Gadfly"

Biographical Sketch


Dr. Ernest Partridge is a researcher, lecturer, consultant in Applied Ethics and Environmental Ethics and the Co-Editor of the progressive political website, The Crisis Papers.   His doctoral dissertation from the University of Utah (1976) was titled, Rawls and the Duty to Posterity. Dr. Partridge has taught moral philosophy and environmental ethics at the University of California (Santa Barbara, Irvine and Riverside campuses), and most recently was the Hulings Professor of Environmental Ethics at Northland College in Wisconsin.  He has published numerous papers dealing with moral philosophy, moral psychology, policy analysis and environmental ethics, and he has presented many papers before the American Philosophical Association and other scholarly societies in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, Italy and Russia. He is a member of the Board of Editors of The Intergenerational Justice Review (Germany).  Under a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, Dr. Partridge conducted original research relating to the moral question of the duty to posterity. One product of that research, an anthology titled Responsibilities to Future Generations was published in 1981.  In June, 1983, he was awarded an Interdisciplinary Incentive Award from the National Science Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities and, from the summer of 1984 through the summer of 1986, he engaged in research on the ethical aspects of earthquake prediction and seismic safety analysis at the University of Colorado. In 1998-2000, under another grant from the National Science Foundation, Dr. Partridge examined "The Implications of Disequilibrium Ecology for Environmental Ethics and Policy."

In seven visits to Russia, Dr. Partridge participated in scholarly and environmental conferences, and established productive and ongoing communication and cooperation with international scholars and scientists involved in global environmental issues. A frequent participant in professional conferences in the United States and abroad, Dr. Partridge is available for consultations and public lectures on the topics of Environmental Ethics, Public Policy, and Responsibilities to Future Generations. (Click here for a list of lecture topics and abstracts).

Why "Gadfly"?





Linked titles are available at this website.

"Posthumous Interests and Posthumous Respect," Ethics, 91:2 (January, 1981), pp. 243-64.

"What Do We Owe Posterity?", Introduction to Responsibilities to Future Generations, Ed. Ernest Partridge (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1981),

"Why Care About the Future?", Responsibilities to Future Generations, Ed. Ernest Partridge (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1981), p. 203-219. (Briefer version published in Alternative Futures, 3:4 (Fall, 1981).

"Environmental Ethics: Obstacles and Opportunities,"  Ecological Consciousness, Robert C. Schultz and J. Donald Hughes, eds., (University Press of America, 1981)

"Philosophers are Joining the Ranks," Journal of Environmental Education, 12:3, Spring, 1981.

"Wapalanne: Contrasts and Continuities: A Personal Reflection," The Journal of Environmental Education, 13:3, Spring, 1982.

"Are We Ready for an Ecological Morality?", Environmental Ethics, 4:1 (Summer, 1982)

"Nature as a Moral Resource," Environmental Ethics, 6:2, (Su., 1984), pp. 101-130.

"Three Wrong Leads in a Search for an Environmental Ethic," Ethics and Animals, V:3, (Sept., 1984).   (Excerpt:  "On the Rights of Animals and Persons.")

"Values in Nature," Philosophical Inquiry, 8:1-2, (Winter-Spring, 1986), pp. 96-110.  Reprinted in the second edition of the Wadsworth anthology, Environmental Ethics, edited by Louis Pojman (1998).

"Environmental Ethics Without Philosophy", Human Ecology: A Gathering of Perspectives, ed. Richard J. Borden, Society for Human Ecology, 1986, pp. 136-149

"Ethical Issues in Disaster Management Policy," in L. Comfort (ed.), Managing Disasters: Strategies and Policy Perspectives, Duke University Press, 1988, pp. 330-343.

"If Peace Were At Hand: How Would We Know It?,"  Issues in War and Peace, Ed. Kunkel and Klein, (Longwood Academic, 1989).

"On the Rights of Future Generations," in D. Scherer (ed), Upstream/ Downstream: Issues in Environmental Ethics, Temple University Press.

"Примирение с Планетой:  Ненасилие и Глобальные Экологические Проблемы,"  Этика Ненасилия, Академия Наук, СССР.   ("Toward a Truce With the Earth: Non-Violence and the Global Environment," The Ethics of Non-Violence, USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 1991.)

"The Moral Uses of Future Generations," Ethical Questions for Resource Managers, Ed. Reeves, Bottom, Brookes, US. Dept. of Agriculture, General Technical Report PNW-GTR 288, Jan. 1992.

"A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Armageddon," Viewpoints, 1994, The Wisconsin Institute, 1994

"Russian Environmentalism: Conditions & Prospects," Proceedings of the Society for Human Ecology, 1995.

 "On the Possibility of a Future Global Environmental Ethic,"  Viewpoints, 1995, The Wisconsin Institute.

"Posterity and the Strains of Commitment," Creating a New History for Future Generations, ed. Kim and Dator, Institute for the Integrated Study of future Generations, Kyoto, Japan, 1995.

"Ecological Morality and Non-Moral Sentiments," Environmental Ethics, Summer, 1996.  Reprinted in Land, Value, Community, Ouderkirk and Hill, SUNY Press, 2002

"Environmental Justice and ‘Shared Fate:’ A Contractarian Defense of Fair Compensation," Human Ecology Review, 2:2 (Spring, 1996).

"Now is the Time for Philosophers to Come to the Aid of Their Planet," Global BioEthics, 11:1-4, (Florence, Italy, 1998).

"Discovering a World of Values,"  Environmental Ethics (2nd Edition), ed. Louis Pojman, Wadsworth, 1998.

"Should We Seek a Better Future," Ethics and the Environment, 3:1, 1998.  (Expanded and revised at this website ).

"Holes in the Cornucopia," The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy, eds., Werhane and Westra, (Rowman and Littlefield), 1998.

"How Much is Too Much?," Business Ethics Quarterly, (The Ruffin Lectures, Series 2, 2000), (Assimilated into "Perilous Optimism")

"Future Generations," A Companion to Environmental Ethics, ed. Dale Jamieson, (Blackwell, 2001).  Reprinted in VanDeVeer and Pierce (eds): The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book (3rd ed.), (Wadsworth, 2003).

"Reconstructing Ecology," Ecological Integrity: Integrating Environment, Conservation and Health, ed. Pimentel and Westra and Noss, Island Press, 2000

"The Tonic of Wildness," Wolves and Human Communities, Hastings Center/Island Press, 

"Gefaerlicher Optimismus," ("Perilous Optimism"), Natur und Kultur, Summer, 2001 (In German)

"The Two Faces of Justice," Free Inquiry, Summer, 2001.

"My Life as a Corporate Pawn," The Ecologist (UK), January, 2002. (Adapted and abridged from "My Seven Years as a Corporate Token," this website.  See the introductory comment).

"The Future – For Better or Worse," Environmental Values, 11, February, 2002.  (Incorporated into "Should We Seek a Better Future?," this website).

"The Perils of Panglossism,"  Global Dialogue, 4:1, Winter, 2002.  (Revised and Expanded as "Perilous Optimism," this site).

"In Search of Sustainable Values," International Journal of Sustainable Development, 6:1, 2003.

"With Liberty for Some," Environmental Philosophy, 3rd ed. ed. Michael Zimmerman et al, (Prentice Hall, 2004).

"John Rawls: A Tribute,"  Free Inquiry, ("Great Minds" Series), February-March,2004

"Political Propaganda: Selling Lies Like Cigarettes," Big Bush Lies, (RiverWood Books, 2004).

"The Environmental Fire Sale,"   Big Bush Lies, (RiverWood Books, 2004).

"Future Generations," Encyclopedia of Science, Technology and Engineering, Gale/Macmillan, 2005.

"International Society for Environmental Ethics," Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics, Gale/Macmillan. 2008.

"Future Generations,"  Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics, Gale/Macmillan.  2008.

"Just Provision for the Future,"  Intergenerational Justice Review, 2008.


More than 250 Internet Publications from March, 1998, through 2008.   Listed Here.

Book in Progress: Conscience of a Progressive.