Environmental Ethics
and Public Policy
Ernest Partridge, Ph.D


Why "Gadfly?"

Almost anyone who has ever taken a course in ancient philosophy will understand the allusion. But surely not all of our readers have taken such a course. The origin of this metaphor is Plato's account of Socrates' defense before the citizens of Athens, which follows:

Dr. Ernest Partridge is a consultant, writer and lecturer in the field of Environmental Ethics and Public Policy. He has taught Philosophy at the University of California, and in Utah, Colorado and Wisconsin. He publishes the website, "The Online Gadfly" (www.igc.org/gadfly) and co-edits the progressive website, "The Crisis Papers" (www.crisispapers.org).  Dr. Partridge can be contacted at: gadfly@igc.org .